apollo 13 movie


apollo 13 movie

Apollo 13 (film) Apollo 13 is a 1995 Ame ica space docud ama film di ec ed by Ro Howa d a d s a i g Tom Ha ks, Kevi Baco , Bill Pax o , Ed Ha is, a d Ga y Si ise. The sc ee play by William B oyles J […]


Apollo 13 (film)

Apollo 13 is a 1995 Ame ica space docud ama film di ec ed by Ro Howa d a d s a i g Tom Ha ks, Kevi Baco , Bill Pax o , Ed Ha is, a d Ga y Si ise. The sc ee play by William B oyles J . a d Al Rei e d ama izes he abo ed 1970 Apollo 13 lu a missio a d is a adap a io of he 1994 book Los Moo : The Pe ilous Voyage of Apollo 13, by as o au Jim Lovell a d Jeff ey Kluge . The film depic s as o au s Lovell, Jack Swige , a d F ed Haise aboa d Apollo 13 fo Ame ica’s fif h c ewed missio o he Moo , which was i e ded o be he hi d o la d. E ou e, a o -boa d explosio dep ives hei spacec af of much of i s oxyge supply a d elec ical powe , which fo ces NASA’s fligh co olle s o abo he Moo la di g missio a d imp ovise scie ific a d mecha ical solu io s o ge he h ee me home safely.

Howa d we o g ea le g hs o c ea e a ech ically accu a e movie, employi g NASA’s assis a ce i as o au a d fligh -co olle ai i g fo his cas a d ob ai i g pe missio o film sce es aboa d a educed-g avi y ai c af fo ealis ic depic io of he weigh less ess expe ie ced by he as o au s i space.

Released o ci emas i he U i ed S a es o Ju e 30, 1995,3 Apollo 13 eceived c i ical acclaim a d was omi a ed fo i e Academy Awa ds, i cludi g Bes Pic u e (wi i g fo Bes Film Edi i g a d Bes Sou d).4 The film also wo he Sc ee Ac o s Guild Awa d fo Ou s a di g Pe fo ma ce by a Cas i a Mo io Pic u e, as well as wo B i ish Academy Film Awa ds. I o al, he film g ossed ove $355 millio wo ldwide du i g i s hea ical eleases.

Co e s

Plo edi

O July 20, 1969, as o au Jim Lovell hos s a house pa y whe e gues s wa ch Neil A ms o g’s elevised fi s huma s eps o he Moo f om Apollo 11. Af e wa d, Lovell, who had o bi ed he Moo o Apollo 8 i Decembe 1968, ells his wife Ma ily ha he i e ds o e u o he Moo o walk o i s su face.

Th ee mo hs la e , as Lovell co duc s a VIP ou of NASA’s Vehicle Assembly Buildi g, his boss Deke Slay o i fo ms him ha , because of Ala Shepa d’s i e ea p oblem, Lovell’s c ew will move up o fly Apollo 13 i s ead of Shepa d’s c ew. Lovell, Ke Ma i gly, a d F ed Haise ai fo hei ew missio . A few days befo e lau ch, Ma i gly is exposed o Ge ma measles, a d he fligh su geo dema ds his eplaceme wi h Ma i gly’s backup, Jack Swige . Lovell esis s b eaki g up his eam bu ele s whe Slay o h ea e s o bump his c ew o a la e missio . As he lau ch da e app oaches, Ma ily has a igh ma e abou he husba d ge i g killed i space. She goes o he Ke edy Space Ce e he igh befo e lau ch o see him off.

O lau ch day, Fligh Di ec o Ge e K a z i Hous o ‘s Missio Co ol Ce e gives he go fo lau ch. As he Sa u V ocke climbs h ough he a mosphe e, a seco d s age e gi e cu s off p ema u ely, bu he c af eaches i s Ea h pa ki g o bi . Af e he hi d s age fi es o se d Apollo 13 o he Moo , Swige pe fo ms he ma euve o u he comma d module Odyssey a ou d o dock wi h he Lu a Module Aqua ius a d pull i away f om he spe ocke .

Th ee days i o he missio , he c ew makes a elevisio a smissio , which he e wo ks decli e o b oadcas live. By o de of Missio Co ol, Swige u s o he liquid oxyge s i i g fa s. A elec ical sho causes o e of he a ks o explode, emp yi g i s co e s i o space a d se di g he c af umbli g. The o he a k is soo fou d o be leaki g. Co sumables ma age Sy Liebe go co vi ces K a z ha shu i g off wo of Odyssey’s h ee fuel cells offe s he bes cha ce o s op he leak, bu his does o wo k. Wi h o ly o e fu c io i g fuel cell, missio ules dic a e he Moo la di g mus be abo ed. Lovell a d Haise mus powe up Aqua ius as quickly as possible o use as a lifeboa , while Swige shu s dow Odyssey o save i s ba e y powe fo he e u o Ea h. I Hous o , K a z a d his eam mus disca d he exis i g missio pla ; he cha ges hem o b i g he as o au s home safely, decla i g failu e is o a op io . Co sumables ma age Joh Aa o ec ui s Ma i gly o help him imp ovise a p ocedu e o es a Odyssey fo he la di g o Ea h.

As he c ew wa ches he Moo pass be ea h hem, Lovell akes a mome o lame his los d eam of walki g o i s su face, he u s his c ew’s a e io o he busi ess of ge i g home. Wi h Aqua ius u i g o mi imal elec ical powe a d a io ed wa e supply, he c ew suffe s f eezi g co di io s, a d Haise develops a u i a y ac i fec io . Swige suspec s Missio Co ol is co ceali g he fac hey a e doomed; Haise a g ily blames Swige ‘s i expe ie ce fo he accide ; bu Lovell quickly squelches he a gume . As ca bo dioxide app oaches da ge ous levels, g ou d co ol mus quickly i ve a way o make he comma d module’s u used i compa ible fil e ca idges wo k i he Lu a Module. Wi h Aqua ius’s guida ce a d aviga io sys em shu dow , he c ew mus make a vi al cou se co ec io by ma ually s ee i g he Lu a Module a d co olli g i s e gi e.

Ma i gly a d Aa o s uggle o fi d a way o powe up he comma d module sys ems wi hou d awi g oo much powe , a d fi ally ead he p ocedu e o Swige , who es a s Odyssey by d awi g he ex a powe f om Aqua ius. Whe he c ew je iso s he se vice module, hey a e su p ised o see he ex e of he damage, aisi g he possibili y ha he abla ive hea shield was damaged by he explosio . As hey elease Aqua ius a d e-e e he Ea h’s a mosphe e, o o e is su e ha Odyssey’s hea shield is i ac .

The e se pe iod of adio sile ce due o io iza io blackou is lo ge ha o mal, bu he as o au s epo all is well, eve yo e a ou d he wo ld celeb a es hei safe e u a d wa ches Odyssey splashdow i he Pacific Ocea . As helicop e s b i g he h ee me aboa d he ecove y ship USS Iwo Jima fo a he o’s welcome, Lovell’s voice-ove desc ibes he cause of he explosio , a d he subseque ca ee s of Haise, Swige , Ma i gly, a d K a z. He wo de s if a d whe ma ki d will e u o he Moo .

Cas edi

Apollo 13 c ew:

O he as o au s:

NASA g ou d pe so el:

Civilia s:

Cameos:

P oduc io edi

Developme edi

The movie igh s o Jim Lovell’s book Los Moo we e bei g shopped o po e ial buye s befo e i was w i e .6 He s a ed ha his fi s eac io was ha Kevi Cos e would be a good choice o play him.68

P e-p op oduc io edi

The o igi al sc ee play by William B oyles J . a d Al Rei e was w i e wi h Cos e i mi d because of his facial simila i ies wi h Lovell. By he ime Ro Howa d acqui ed he di ec o ‘s posi io , Tom Ha ks had exp essed i e es i doi g a film based o Apollo 13. Whe Ha ks’ ep ese a ive i fo med him ha a sc ip was bei g passed a ou d he had i se o him, a d Cos e ‘s ame eve came up i se ious discussio .6 Ha ks was ul ima ely cas as Lovell because of his k owledge of Apollo a d space his o y.11

Because of his i e es i avia io , Joh T avol a asked Howa d fo he ole of Lovell, bu was poli ely u ed dow .12 Joh Cusack was offe ed he ole of F ed Haise bu u ed i dow . B ad Pi was offe ed he ole of Jack Swige , bu also u ed i dow .12 Ga y Si ise was i vi ed by Howa d o ead fo a y of he cha ac e s, a d chose Ke Ma i gly.6

Af e Ha ks had bee cas a d co s uc io of he spacec af se s had begu , he sc ip was ew i e by Joh Sayles. While pla i g he film, Howa d decided ha eve y sho would be o igi al a d ha o missio foo age would be used.13 The spacec af i e io s we e co s uc ed by he Ka sas Cosmosphe e a d Space Ce e ‘s Space Wo ks, which also es o ed he Apollo 13 Comma d Module. Two i dividual Lu a Modules a d wo Comma d Modules we e co s uc ed fo filmi g. Composed of some of he o igi al Apollo ma e ials, hey we e buil so ha diffe e sec io s we e emovable, which e abled filmi g o ake place i side hem. Space Wo ks also buil modified Comma d a d Lu a Modules fo filmi g i side a Boei g KC-135 educed-g avi y ai c af , a d he p essu e sui s wo by he ac o s, which a e exac ep oduc io s of hose wo by he Apollo as o au s, igh dow o he de ail of bei g ai igh . Whe sui ed up wi h hei helme s locked i place, he ac o s we e cooled by a d b ea hed ai pumped i o he sui s, as i ac ual Apollo sui s.14

The Ch is ophe C. K af J . Missio Co ol Ce e co sis ed of wo co ol ooms loca ed o he seco d a d hi d floo s of Buildi g 30 a he Joh so Space Ce e i Hous o , Texas. NASA offe ed he use of he co ol oom fo filmi g, bu Howa d decli ed, op i g i s ead o make his ow eplica f om sc a ch.813 P oduc io desig e Michael Co e bli h a d se deco a o Me ide h Boswell we e i cha ge of he co s uc io of he Missio Co ol se a U ive sal S udios. I was equipped wi h gia ea -sc ee p ojec io capabili ies, a d a complex se of compu e s wi h i dividual video feeds o all he fligh co olle s a io s. The ac o s playi g he fligh co olle s we e able o commu ica e wi h each o he o a p iva e audio loop.14 The Missio Co ol oom buil fo he film was o he g ou d floo .13 O e NASA employee, who was a co sul a fo he film, said ha he se was so ealis ic ha he would leave a he e d of he day a d look fo he eleva o befo e emembe i g he was o i Missio Co ol.8 The ecove y ship USS Iwo Jima had bee sc apped by he ime he film was made, so he sis e ship, New O lea s, was used i s ead.13

To p epa e fo hei oles i he film, Ha ks, Pax o , a d Baco all a e ded he U.S. Space Camp i Hu sville, Alabama. While he e, as o au s Jim Lovell a d David Sco , comma de of Apollo 15, did ac ual ai i g exe cises wi h he ac o s i side a simula ed Comma d Module a d Lu a Module. The ac o s we e also augh abou each of he 500 bu o s, oggles, a d swi ches used o ope a e he spacec af . The ac o s he aveled o Joh so Space Ce e i Hous o whe e hey flew i he KC-135 o simula e weigh less ess i ou e space.

Each membe of he cas pe fo med ex e sive esea ch fo he p ojec i o de o p ovide a au he ic s o y. As o au Dave Sco , ech ical advise a d Comma de of he Apollo 15 fligh , was imp essed wi h hei effo s, s a i g ha each ac o was de e mi ed o make eve y sce e ech ically co ec , wo d fo wo d.15

I Los A geles, Ed Ha is a d all he ac o s po ayi g fligh co olle s e olled i a Fligh Co olle School led by Ge y G iffi , a Apollo 13 fligh di ec o , a d fligh co olle Je y Bos ick. The ac o s s udied audio apes f om he missio , eviewed hu d eds of pages of NASA a sc ip s, a d a e ded a c ash cou se i physics.1314 As o au Dave Sco was imp essed wi h hei effo s, s a i g ha each ac o was de e mi ed o make eve y sce e ech ically co ec , wo d fo wo d.6 Sco was he chief ech ological co sul a fo he film.16

Repo edly, Pe e Co ad exp essed i e es i appea i g i he film.8

Filmi gedi

Fo ac o s, bei g able o ac ually shoo i ze o g avi y as opposed o bei g i i c edibly pai ful a d u comfo able ha esses fo special effec s sho s was all he diffe e ce be wee wha would have bee a ho ible moviemaki g expe ie ce as opposed o he comple ely glo ious o e ha i ac ually was.

—Tom Ha ks14

P i cipal pho og aphy fo Apollo 13 s a ed i Augus 1994.17 Howa d a icipa ed difficul y i po ayi g weigh less ess i a ealis ic ma e . He discussed his wi h S eve Spielbe g, who sugges ed filmi g aboa d he KC-135 ai pla e, which ca be flow i such a way as o c ea e abou 23 seco ds of weigh less ess, a me hod NASA has always used o ai i s as o au s fo space fligh . Howa d ob ai ed NASA’s pe missio a d assis a ce18 o ob ai h ee hou s a d 54 mi u es of filmi g ime i 612 ze o-g ma euve s.1314

Pos -p oduc io edi

The visual effec s supe viso was Robe Lega o. To avoid he awkwa d swi ch be wee ew a d s ock missio foo age, he Sa u V lau ch seque ce was p oduced usi g mi ia u e models a d digi al image s i chi g o c ea e a pa o amic backg ou d.19 O Howa d’s eques o shoo i like Ma i Sco sese would shoo i , Lega o s udied Sco sese’s sce es of pool games f om The Colo of Mo ey, a d copied his ech ique of c ea i g a se se of hy hm by epea i g wo o h ee f ames be wee each cu (jus e ough o be u de ec able) fo he e gi e ig i io seque ce. Lega o says his sce e i spi ed James Ho e ‘s sou d ack music fo he lau ch.19 The lo g- a ge sho of he vehicle i fligh was filmed usi g a $25 1:144 scale model Revell ki , wi h he came a ealis ically shaki g, a d i was digi ized a d e-filmed off of a high esolu io mo i o h ough a black fil e , sligh ly ove exposed o keep i f om looki g like a video game.19

The exhaus of he a i ude co ol h us e s was ge e a ed wi h compu e -ge e a ed image y (CGI). This was also a emp ed o show he as o au ‘s u i e dump i o space, bu was ‘ high e ough esolu io o look igh , so d ople s sp ayed f om a Evia bo le we e pho og aphed i s ead.19

The p oduce s wa ed he splashdow be e de ed i CGI, bu Lega o adama ly i sis ed his would o look ealis ic. Real pa achu es we e used wi h a p op capsule ossed ou of a helicop e .19

Sou d ackedi

The sco e o Apollo 13 was composed a d co duc ed by James Ho e . The sou d ack was eleased i 1995 by MCA Reco ds a d has seve acks of sco e, eigh pe iod so gs used i he film, a d seve acks of dialogue by he ac o s a a u i g ime of ea ly seve y-eigh mi u es. The music also fea u es solos by vocalis A ie Le ox a d Tim Mo iso o he umpe . The sco e was a c i ical success a d ga e ed Ho e a Academy Awa d omi a io fo Bes O igi al Sco e.24

All music is composed by James Ho e , excep whe e o ed.

Releaseedi

The film was eleased o Ju e 30, 1995, i No h Ame ica a d o Sep embe 22, 1995, i he UK.

I Sep embe 2002 he film was e- eleased i IMAX. I was he fi s film o be digi ally emas e ed usi g IMAX DMR ech ology.25

Box officeedi

Apollo 13 ea ed $25,353,380 millio f om 2,347 hea e s du i g i s ope i g weeke d, which made up 14.7% of he o al US g oss.2 Upo i s ope i g, i was a ked umbe o e a he box office, bea i g Pocaho as. Addi io ally, i su passed Fo es Gump fo havi g he la ges ope i g weeke d fo a Tom Ha ks film. Wi hi five days, Apollo 13 ge e a ed $38.5 millio , becomi g he seco d-highes five-day ope i g of all ime, behi d Te mi a o 2: Judgme Day.26 The film ea ed a o al of $154 millio f om icke sales, su passi g he p evious eco d held by he combi ed Tha ksgivi g 1992 ope i gs of Aladdi , The Bodygua d a d Home Alo e 2: Los i New Yo k.27 I would co i ue o s ay i he umbe o e spo fo fou weeks u il i was de h o ed by Wa e wo ld.28 Ea i g a o al of $355,237,933, Apollo 13 was he hi d-highes -g ossi g film of 1995, behi d Die Ha d wi h a Ve gea ce a d Toy S o y.29

Recep io edi

Review agg ega o Ro e Toma oes epo s ha he film has a ove all app oval a i g of 96%, based o 93 eviews, wi h a weigh ed ave age a i g of 8.1010. The si e’s c i ical co se sus eads, I ec ea i g he oubled space missio , Apollo 13 pulls o pu ches: i ‘s a mas e fully old d ama f om di ec o Ro Howa d, bols e ed by a e semble of solid pe fo ma ces.30 Me ac i ic, which assig s a o malized a i g o eviews f om mai s eam c i ics, gave he film a ave age sco e of 77 ou of 100, based o 22 c i ics, i dica i g ge e ally favo able eviews.31 Audie ces su veyed by Ci emaSco e gave he film a g ade A o scale of A o F.32

Roge Ebe of he Chicago Su -Times p aised he film i his eview sayi g: This is a powe ful s o y, o e of he yea ‘s bes films, old wi h g ea cla i y a d ema kable ech ical de ail, a d ac ed wi hou pumped-up his io ics.33 Richa d Co liss of Time highly p aised he film, sayi g: F om lif -off o splashdow , Apollo 13 gives o e hell of a ide.34 Edwa d Gu hma of Sa F a cisco Ch o icle gave a mixed eview a d w o e: I jus wish ha Apollo 13 wo ked be e as a movie, a d ha Howa d’s h eshold fo co , mush a d wi kly se ime we e ‘ so da wide.35 Pe e T ave s of Rolli g S o e p aised he film a d w o e: Howa d lays off he ma ipula io o ell he ue s o y of he ea -fa al 1970 Apollo 13 missio i pai s aki g a d lively de ail. I ‘s easily Howa d’s bes film.36

Ja e Masli made he film a NYT C i ics’ Pick, calli g i a absolu ely h illi g film ha u folds wi h pe fec immediacy, d awi g viewe s i o he ail-bi i g suspe se of a spellbi di g ue s o y. Acco di g o Masli , like Quiz Show, Apollo 13 beau ifully evokes ece his o y i ways ha eso a e s o gly oday. Cleve ly os algic i i s visual s yle (Ri a Ryack’s cos umes a e especially igh ), i ha ks back o movie maki g wi hou pho y he oics a d o he s o g spi i of commu i y ha e veloped he as o au s a d hei families. Amazi gly, his film ma ages o seem ef eshi gly ho es while s ill co fo mi g o he h ee-ac d ama ic fo ma of a s a da d Hollywood hi . I is fa a d away he bes hi g M . Howa d has do e (a d Fa a d Away was o e of he o he ki d).37 The academic c i ic Raymo d Malewi z focuses o he DIY aspec s of he mailbox fil a io sys em o illus a e he eme ge ce of a u likely he o i la e 20 h-ce u y Ame ica cul u e— he c ea ive, imp ovisa io al, bu es ai ed hi ke —who eplaces he olde p odigal cowboy he oes of Ame ica my hology a d p ovides he cou y a be e , mo e f ugal example of a app op ia e ‘husba d’.38

Ma ily Lovell p aised Qui la ‘s po ayal of he , s a i g she fel she could feel wha Qui la ‘s cha ac e was goi g h ough, a d emembe ed how she fel i he mi d.6

Home mediaedi

Apollo 13 was eleased o VHS o Novembe 21, 1995 a d o Lase Disc he followi g week.39 O Sep embe 9, 1997, he film debu ed o a THX ce ified widesc ee VHS elease.40

A 10 h-a ive sa y DVD of he film was eleased i 2005; i i cluded bo h he hea ical ve sio a d he IMAX ve sio , alo g wi h seve al ex as.41 The IMAX ve sio has a 1.66:1 aspec a io.42

I 2006, Apollo 13 was eleased o HD DVD a d o Ap il 13, 2010, i was eleased o Blu- ay as he 15 h-a ive sa y edi io o he 40 h a ive sa y of he Apollo 13 accide .41 The Film was eleased o 4K UHD Blu-Ray o Oc obe 17, 2017.43

Accoladesedi

Tech ical a d his o ical accu acyedi

I he film, Deke Slay o i fo ms Lovell he is goi g o comma d Apollo 13 because o igi al comma de Ala Shepa d’s ea is ac i g up agai ; i fac , Shepa d had jus ece ly e u ed o fligh du y af e su ge y o co ec a i e ea diso de which kep him g ou ded si ce 1963, a d Ma ed Spacec af Ce e ma ageme fel Shepa d eeded mo e ai i g ime fo a lu a missio .46

The film po ays he Sa u V lau ch vehicle bei g olled ou o he lau ch pad wo days befo e lau ch. I eali y, he lau ch vehicle was olled ou o he Mobile Lau che usi g he c awle – a spo e wo mo hs befo e he lau ch da e.47

The film depic s he c ew hea i g a ba g quickly af e Swige followed di ec io s f om missio co ol o s i he oxyge a d hyd oge a ks. I eali y, he c ew hea d he ba g 95 seco ds la e .48

The film depic s Sy Liebe go sugges i g ha he oxyge leak was loca ed i o e o wo of Oddessey’s fuel cells, a d he o de o shu hem dow was passed up o he c ew, fo ci g abo of he lu a la di g missio . I eali y, Missio Co ol did o o de he shu dow ; Haise fou d he cells we e al eady dead, because of s a va io due o he damage o he oxyge sys em.49

The film depic s Swige a d Haise a gui g abou who was a faul . The show The Real S o y: Apollo 13 b oadcas o he Smi hso ia Cha el i cludes Haise s a i g ha o such a gume ook place a d ha he e was o way a yo e could have fo esee ha s i i g he a k would cause p oblems.50

The dialogue be wee g ou d co ol a d he as o au s was ake ea ly ve ba im f om a sc ip s a d eco di gs, wi h he excep io of o e of he agli es of he film, Hous o , we have a p oblem. (This quo e was vo ed AFI’s 100 Yea s… 100 Movie Quo es.) Acco di g o audio of he ai – o-g ou d commu ica io s, he ac ual wo ds u e ed by Swige we e Okay, Hous o , we’ve had a p oblem he e. G ou d co ol espo ded by sayi g, This is Hous o . Say agai , please. Jim Lovell he epea ed, Hous o , we’ve had a p oblem.51

O e o he i co ec dialogue is af e he e-e y blackou . I he film, Tom Ha ks (as Lovell) says Hello Hous o … his is Odyssey… i ‘s good o see you agai . I he ac ual e-e y, he Comma d Module’s a smissio was fi ally acqui ed by a Siko sky SH-3D Sea Ki g ecove y helicop e which he elayed commu ica io s o Missio Co ol. CAPCOM as o au Joe Ke wi ( o Ma i gly, who se ves as CAPCOM i his sce e i he film) he made a call o he spacec af Odyssey, Hous o s a di g by. Ove . Swige , o Lovell, eplied Okay, Joe, a d u like he film, his was well befo e he pa achu es deployed; he celeb a io s depic ed a Missio Co ol we e igge ed by visual co fi ma io of hei deployme .52

The agli e Failu e is o a op io , s a ed i he film by Ge e K a z, also became ve y popula , bu was o ake f om he his o ical a sc ip s. The followi g s o y ela es he o igi of he ph ase, f om a e-mail by Apollo 13 Fligh Dy amics Office Je y Bos ick:

As fa as he exp essio Failu e is o a op io , you a e co ec ha K a z eve used ha e m. I p epa a io fo he movie, he sc ip w i e s, Al Rei a a d Bill B oyles, came dow o Clea Lake o i e view me o Wha a e he people i Missio Co ol eally like? O e of hei ques io s was We e ‘ he e imes whe eve ybody, o a leas a few people, jus pa icked? My a swe was No, whe bad hi gs happe ed, we jus calmly laid ou all he op io s, a d failu e was o o e of hem. We eve pa icked, a d we eve gave up o fi di g a solu io . I immedia ely se sed ha Bill B oyles wa ed o leave a d assumed ha he was bo ed wi h he i e view. O ly mo hs la e did I lea ha whe hey go i hei ca o leave, he s a ed sc eami g, Tha ‘s i ! Tha ‘s he ag li e fo he whole movie, Failu e is o a op io . Now we jus have o figu e ou who o have say i . Of cou se, hey gave i o he K a z cha ac e , a d he es is his o y.53

I he film, Fligh Di ec o Ge e K a z a d his Whi e Team a e po ayed as ma agi g all of he esse ial pa s of he fligh , f om lif off o la di g. Co seque ly, he ac ual ole of he o he fligh di ec o s a d eams, especially Gly Lu ey a d his Black Team, we e eglec ed. I fac , i was Fligh Di ec o Lu ey a d his Black Team who go Apollo 13 h ough i s mos c i ical pe iod i he hou s immedia ely af e he explosio , i cludi g he mid-cou se co ec io ha se Apollo 13 o a f ee e u ajec o y a ou d he Moo a d back o he Ea h. As o au Ke Ma i gly, who was eplaced as Apollo 13 Comma d Module Pilo a he las mi u e by Swige , la e said:

If he e was a he o, Gly Lu ey was, by himself, a he o, because whe he walked i he oom, I gua a ee you, obody k ew wha he hell was goi g o . Gly walked i , ook ove his mess, a d he jus b ough calm o he si ua io . I’ve eve see such a ex ao di a y example of leade ship i my e i e ca ee . Absolu ely mag ifice . No ge e al o admi al i wa ime could eve be mo e mag ifice ha Gly was ha igh . He a d he alo e b ough all of he sca ed people oge he . A d you’ve go o emembe ha he fligh co olle s i hose days we e— hey we e kids i hei hi ies. They we e good, bu ve y few of hem had eve u i o hese ki ds of choices i life, a d hey we e ‘ used o ha . All of a sudde , hei co fide ce had bee shake . They we e faced wi h hi gs ha hey did ‘ u de s a d, a d Gly walked i he e, a d he jus ki d of ook cha ge.54

A DVD comme a y ack, eco ded by Jim a d Ma ily Lovell a d i cluded wi h he Sig a u e Lase disc a d la e i cluded o bo h DVD ve sio s,41 me io s seve al i accu acies i cluded i he film, all do e fo easo s of a is ic lice se:

We we e wo ki g a d wa chi g he co ols du i g ha ime. Because we came i shallow, i ook us lo ge comi g h ough he a mosphe e whe e we had io iza io . A d he o he hi g was ha we we e jus slow i a swe i g.

—Jim Lovell, o he eal easo fo he delay i eplyi g af e Apollo 13’s fou -mi u e e-e y i o Ea h’s a mosphe e55

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Refe e cesedi

 This a icle i co po a es public domai ma e ial f om websi es o docume s of he Na io al Ae o au ics a d Space Admi is a io .

Apollo 13

NASA mus devise a s a egy o e u Apollo 13 o Ea h safely af e he spacec af u de goes massive i e al damage pu i g he lives of he h ee as o au s o boa d i jeopa dy.NASA mus devise a s a egy o e u Apollo 13 o Ea h safely af e he spacec af u de goes massive i e al damage pu i g he lives of he h ee as o au s o boa d i jeopa dy.NASA mus devise a s a egy o e u Apollo 13 o Ea h safely af e he spacec af u de goes massive i e al damage pu i g he lives of he h ee as o au s o boa d i jeopa dy.

apollo 13 movie

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